Methylphenidate (Ritalin) is a psychostimulant of the non-amphetamine group. Methylphenidate has been used in medical practice for more than 40 years. It is applied for treatment of children’s attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Ritalin is similar to amphetamines. However, in spite of its similarity, there are some essential distinctions. Ritalin as opposed to amphetamine has no effect on nervous system.
Its excitatory influence is much lower than methylphenidate. Ritalin has lower effect on peripheral adrenergic system and does not cause essential increase in arterial pressure. Ritalin is used to treat undue fatigability, weakness, impotence, depression of nervous system, attention deficit disorder, a psychotic meltdown and other troubles relating to nervous system disorders.